Mah Jongg is an ancient gambling game that many people believe was created in China over two thousand years ago. The fast-paced competition is won through a combination of skill and luck. The game consists of tiles in three suits plus specialty tiles. Players use a card with a list of acceptable hands, and then pick and throw tiles in turn. The first player to make the selected hand says “mah jongg” and wins the game.
The Mah Jogg Set
The first mah jongg set sold in America was purchased in 1920 at Abercrombie amp; Fitch. A set is made up of craks, dots and bams in numbers ranging from 1 to 9. There are 4 of each tile. In addition to the 3 suits, a mah jongg set contains a 8 flowers, 8 wild tiles or jokers, red, white, and green dragons that correspond to the suits, and north, east, south and west winds.
Rules of the Game
The official mah jongg rules are set forth by the National Mah Jongg League. However, many players adjust the rules for their own purpose. Each player has a rack to hold the tiles, and the game starts by building a “wall” of tiles in front of each rack. The player designated as East rolls the dice, and counts the number of tiles from the end of the wall to correspond to the roll of the dice. That is where the wall is broken, and tiles are distributed 4 at a time. The rules say that East then picks 2 tiles for a total of fourteen, and the other 3 players pick only 1 tile. East begins the game by discarding a tile, and the players pick and throw in turn.
Making the Hand
Players use a mah jongg card with a list of acceptable hands of 14 tiles each. The card changes yearly, but hands are often repeated from previous years. To make mah jongg, players pick a tile, keep it if they need it, and throw an unwanted tile. The other players may claim the discarded tile if the hand is “open” and the tile completes a set of 3, 4 or 5. The called tile and the others in the group are then “exposed” on the top of the rack, allowing others to replace jokers with a matching tile in the set. A player whose hand matches a hand on the card has mah jongg, and wins the amount of money specified on the mah jongg card.
Adjusting the Rules
While mah jongg players adhere to most of the rules of the game, there are some “table rules” that some games abide by. The official rules say that a player starts with only 13 tiles, and the pick is the 14th which can then be used to declare mah jongg. If a player “calls” a thrown tile, players must pass the 14th “future” tile. Other games start with all 14 tiles and do not pass away any tiles when someone calls. When a player exposes tiles on the rack after calling, it is sometimes obvious that she can only be playing one hand, the definite hand. In some mah jongg games a player is penalized for throwing to a definite hand and must pay for the table when the game is won. There are many other variations of mah jongg, some slight and some substantial changes to the official rules. For further information of the rules, Visit here at online sites or link address of the sites. The understanding of the rules and regulations will be optimum through the players.